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During 2003, Europe experienced its hottest summer on record since 1540
Death rates increased up to 5 times their expected levels
That equates to over 70,000 deaths
The urban heat island effect can cause temperatures to rise by more than 5ºC compared to rural areas.
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The Global Solar UV Index is provided with most weather forecasts. It is a simple measure of UV radiation levels, encouraging people to protect themselves from the sun when UV levels are high.
Children are most at risk, as exposure to the sun during childhood appears to set the stage for the development of skin cancer later in life.
There is a growing body of evidence that suggests the levels of UV radiation in the enviroment may enhance the risk of infectious diseases and limit the efficacy of vaccinations.
The ozone layer normally protects the earth
from this harmful UV radiation. The hole in the
ozone has now grown to around 25 million KM2
which is likely to make the problems posed
by UV radiation more prevalent.
It’s estimated that 235 million people around the world now suffer from asthma.
Click the pump on the inhaler to find out more.
In Europe, the growing season of many trees and grasses starts earlier and lasts longer than it did 10–20 years ago.
Controlled experiments have also shown that pollen productivity increases by 60% when CO2 is doubled.
Unsafe levels of air pollution can lead to severe health problems. In 2008, for example, 1.3 million premature deaths were attributed to unsafe levels of fine particulate matter in urban areas.
Around 2.8 billion people rely on solid fuels for cooking in their homes. When used in rudimentary stoves or open fires, these generate high levels of short-lived pollutants that can be harmful to both the environment and health.
Every year, nearly 2 million premature deaths are attributed to household air pollution created by the inefficient use of these solid fuels used for cooking in the home.